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In the 1990s, scholars such as Leila Ahmed, Fatima Mernissi, and Amina Wadud instigated a new trajectory of thought that implicated early Muslim societies – has a Muslim State been governed by a woman!” raised by the Islamic Democratic Alliance in Pakistan against Benazir Bhutto when she won the presidential elections of 1988 was, accordingly, demystified and rendered groundless. Her writings do not only speak truth to power but also shatter the foundations of the egotistic patriarchal discourse through a systematic study of Islam. Fatima Mernissi: Evolving Feminism(S) Topics: Sharia, Islam, Muslim world Pages: 11 (3746 words) Published: March 1, 2012. This post is part of our International Women’s Day celebration. “But why aren’t they made by women?” young Fatima would ask. Fatima Mernissi, the godmother of Islamic feminism, did not begin her career in the tradition of Islamic feminism. In 2013, he became a member of the German Council on Foreign Relations (DGAP) international network of young leaders and academic researchers after participating in the New Faces Conference in Tunis, Tunisia, and in the DGAP Alumni Conference in Berlin, Germany. Arabische Feministin Fatima Mernissi: Das Wort ergreifen. The former was translated into English in 1991 as THE VEIL AND THE MALE ELITE: A Feminist Interpretation of Women’s Rights in Islam in the USA. Jetzt starb sie im Alter von 75 Jahren in Rabat, wie die spanische Tageszeitung "El Mundo" berichtet. While men cherished unconditional freedom to roam about, her kinswomen were confined inside the walls of the harem, and would promenade only when chaperoned, or disguised in men’s clothing. Fatima Mernissi, född 1940 i Fès, död 30 november 2015 i Rabat, var en marockansk sociolog, historiker och feminist. Fatima Mernissi is one of the most prominent Islamic feminists, with a posthumous legacy of seminal scholarly contributions in the areas of feminism, women studies, and Islamic studies. In the 1990s, scholars such as Leila Ahmed, Fatima Mernissi, and Amina Wadud instigated a new trajectory of thought that implicated early Muslim societies Mernissi has always challenged the fundamentalist version of Islam or orthodox Islam, but she has equally defended authentic Islam against Western essentialist views. The dream that preoccupied her juvenile mind thereafter was trespassing the frontiers and jumping over the walls to land on the ground of gender equality. The stories of the women leaders she cited attest to the legitimacy of women political engagement in early Islamic teachings. Fatema Mernissi, a Moroccan sociologist who was one of the founders of Islamic feminism, whose work included studies of the sexual politics of Islamic … Mernissi crossed borders to understand. Fatima Mernissi: Setting Sail, Lifting the Veil. This short tribute is from an indirect student to a great scholar. Fatema Mernissi. Wir verwenden Cookies, um unser Angebot für Sie zu verbessern. In July 2017, he participated in the Oleander Initiative for Peace in Tokyo, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. After years of in-depth textual analysis of these two sacred texts, she contested the veracity of many Hadiths for epistemological and methodological reasons. Am Montag starb die marokkanische Soziologin Fatima Mernissi im Alter von 75 Jahren. When you buy through these links, Book Riot may earn a commission. 1940) is a Moroccan sociologist and writer. Toward the end of her life, Mernissi acknowledged being the pseudonymous author of WOMAN IN THE MUSLIM UNCONSCIOUS. Fatima Mernissi (b. This forms part of a wider critique of Western understanding of Islam. FATEMA MERNISSI, WRITER, professor, sociologist and a central figure of Arab feminism, passed away at the age of 75 on Monday, 30 November, in Rabat, Morocco. It is Mernissi’s “double critique of male interpretation of Islam and of capitalist development that should be an inspiration to Moroccan feminism” today, says Rhouni. She died on 30 November 2015 at the age of 75. Afifa Karam: Arab American Trailblazer for Women’s Rights, Pioneer in Tunisian Feminism: Dr. Tawhida Ben Cheikh, May Ziade: Arab Romantic Poet and Feminist Pioneer. This post contains affiliate links. Sie gehörte einer Generation an, die dort noch eine nationale und keine französische Schule besuchte. | Mobile Version. When Fatema Mernissi is referred to in the context of gender egalitarian or feminist interpretations of Islam however, it is her two books, LE HAREM POLITIQUE (1987) and SULTANES OUBLIÉES(1990) that are usually mentioned. Her work also touched on broader issues of … Kontakt However, this aspiration would come to no fruition without debunking and challenging the stubbornly male constructed assumptions about femininity. 1940) is a Moroccan sociologist and writer. Fatima was born and raised in Fez in a … To her, Islam was not revealed from heaven “to foster egotism and mediocrity.” Rather it has come “to sustain the people of the Arabian lands, to encourage them to achieve higher spiritual goals and equality for all.” Thus, Mernissi’s feminist scholarship set the foundations of a new feminist critique that is known today as Islamic feminism, which detaches itself from Western feminism and its supremacist and essentialist assumptions about Muslim women. Darin untersucht Mernissi die Rolle der Frau in der muslimischen Geschichte und argumentiert, der Koran rechtfertige keine Frauenunterdrückung. Mernissi eventually came to the conclusion that “not only have the sacred texts always been manipulated, but manipulation of them is a structural characteristic of the practice of power in Muslim societies.”. November 2015 in Rabat ) war eine marokkanische Soziologin und feministische Buchautorin. In remembrance of one of feminism’s trail-blazing scholars who challenged Muslim orthodoxy by placing women at the centre of her enquiry. Fatima Mernissi (1940-2015) believed Islam promotes spiritual democracy that does not discriminate between men and women and is, therefore, perfectly compatible with feminism. Sie galt als "Grande Dame" der marokkanischen Demokratiebewegung. However, Islamic feminism as an analytic construct is also inadequate to con-cerns for sex equality in Islam. 1940) is a Moroccan sociologist and writer. the analysis of Moroccan Islamic feminist, Fatima Mernissi.  Fatima Mernissi, Dreams of Trespass: Tales of a Harem Girlhood (Cambridge: Perseus Books, 1994), p. 61. Fatima was born and raised in Fez in a … Feministin Fatima Mernissi ist tot Die marokkanische Soziologin und Autorin galt als eine der bekanntesten Frauenrechtlerinnen der muslimischen Welt. Fatima Mernissi, one of Morocco’s foremost writers in the fields of sociology and Islamic feminism, has died. Like the great scholar Al-Bukhari, she exposes cases of fraudulence, where self-interested parties tried to impose their own prejudices as articles of faith. Fatima Mernissi (arabisch فاطمة مرنيسي, DMG Fāṭima Marnīsī, auch Fatema Mernissi; * 1940 in Fès; † 30. I suppose I expected a feminist look at modern Muslim culture, and this book is really more a theological look at women's rights and a historical look at how various verses of the Koran that are used to justify anti-feminist sentiments in Muslim cultures came to be included. Fatima Mernissi wurde 1940 in Fes geboren, einer traditionsreichen Stadt Marokkos. uni, Secular and Islamic Femini st Critiques in the Work of Fatima Mern issi, vol. This work discusses Mernissi's intellectual trajectory from 'secular' to 'Islamic' feminism in order to trace the evolution of so-called Islamic feminist theory. Mernissi produced ground-breaking scholarship, written in a vibrant voice. Fatima Mernissi is a very well known feminist that has had a strong impact in the Muslim and western worlds, as she has written many essays in English and French, and translated many of her works into various languages to expand her audience. Zeitlebens befasste sich Fatima Mernissi vor allem mit der Rolle der Frau im Islam. 2003 erhielt Mernissi gemeinsam mit der US-amerikanischen Schriftstellerin Susan Sontag im nordspanischen Oviedo den Prinz-von-Asturien-Preis für Geisteswissenschaften und Literatur. Nowadays, she keeps writing about these issues and developing her work in terms of current global events. Fatima Mernissi’s legacy can be greatly attributed to her scholarly and literary contributions to the early feminist movement. When Fatema Mernissi is referred to in the context of gender egalitarian or feminist interpretations of Islam however, it is her two books, LE HAREM POLITIQUE (1987) and SULTANES OUBLIÉES (1990) that are usually mentioned. Born in Fez to a middle-class family, Mernissi studied at the Mohammed V University in Rabat and later went to Paris, where she worked briefly as a journalist. Born in Fes in 1940, Moroccan author and sociologist Fatima Mernissi grew up into Morocco’s most adamant advocate of women’s emancipation, and most prolific writer on the question of women’s rights in Islam. Her books were widely received around the world and acclaimed for their audacity in engaging with the thorny questions of women’s issues in Islam and in Muslim societies. However, Islamic feminism as an analytic construct is also inadequate to con-cerns for sex equality in Islam. Mernissi, Fatima By: Amal Rassam, Lisa Worthington Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World Provides comprehensive scholarly coverage of the full geographical and historical extent of Islam Bibliography; Related Content. Mehr Informationen dazu finden Sie in unserer Datenschutzerklärung. The ferocious battle that she subsequently committed herself to was to problematize and dismantle the foundations on which this cultural patriarchy rests. „Geschlecht, Ideologie, Islam“ heißt ihr Hauptwerk. In Fès geboren, studierte Mernissi politische Wissenschaften in Marokkos Hauptstadt Rabat sowie Soziologie in Paris und Massachusetts. Tribute tot Fatima Mernissi.It starts with a short ( 1. While her scholarship always worked toward defending and ensuring access to women’s rights in Muslim society, Mernissi’s ideological approaches experienced an evolution throughout her career. Fatima Mernissi’s journey towards the deconstruction of the misogynistic cultural practices that were attributed to Islam started from the very moment she questioned the validity of those rules as a child. So she will remain for the coming generations. Mernissi, Fatima Fatima Mernissi (b. Fatema Mernissi and Islamic Feminism. Born in 1940 and raised in Fez, Morroco, her childhood consisted of living a harem way of life, which was common in her society. She argues that such hadiths do not reflect the spirit of authentic Islam that was practiced during the Prophet’s times. Mernissi is considered to be one of the major figures in Feminist thought for both Morocco and Muslim society in general. The Legacy of Fatema Mernissi, Moroccan Feminist and Scholar. Ngaji Filsafat 150 : Fatima Mernissi - Feminisme Islam. The world famous Moroccan sociologist and writer Fatima Mernissi was a mediator between cultures and a charismatic advocate for a genuine Arab feminism. When she questioned the restrictive rules imposed on women, her maternal grandmother, Yasmina, explained that those rules were made by men to deprive women in some way or another. Her books were widely received around the world and acclaimed for their audacity in engaging with the thorny questions of women’s issues in Islam and in Muslim societies. Feminism ; Women and Social Reform ; Mernissi, Fatima Fatima Mernissi (b. Fatima Mernissi, Morocco’s Feminist Icon Community Mar 8, 2016. Mernissi’s eyes were opened to the oppression of women in her country at a young age. See all the posts here. International bekannt wurde sie vor allem mit ihrem Werk "Geschlecht, Ideologie, Islam". Youssef El Kaidi is a professor of English at the Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences, Sais-Fes. In the preface to her book “The Veil and the Male Elite,” she posits that the Judeo-Christian Western context in which women have gained considerable social, political, and economic rights is no different than the Islamic context. Die Feministin betonte stets, Frauen in der muslimischen Gesellschaft seien keine unterdrückten Opfer, sondern mächtige Strateginnen. Fatima Mernissi is one of the most prominent Islamic feminists, with a posthumous legacy of seminal scholarly contributions in the areas of feminism, women studies, and Islamic studies. Europe and the US, however super-modern they may seem, are also rich in “religious influences, in myths, tales and traditions.” They also have their Christian-style mullahs (religious leaders). Fatema Mernissi: The Pride of Islamic Feminism in Modern Times - Obituary. Youssef is also a graduate of the International Centre on Non-violent Conflict after his participation in the Fletcher Summer School on Non-violent Resistance at Tufts University, Boston, in June 2014. Her work also touched on broader issues of human rights and … Sie wuchs, wie sie es nannte, in einem Harem auf, einem abgeschlossenen … The Moroccan writer and sociologist Fatima Mernissi, known for her pioneering work in the field of Islamic feminism, has died. The status of women in the Muslim world today, according to Fatima Mernissi, is not to be blamed on the Qur’an or on the Prophet’s teachings, but on the male elite whose interests conflict with women’s rights. In this vein, she declared that Islamic religious patriarchy ostensibly “professes models of hierarchical relationships and sexual inequality and puts a sacred stamp onto female subservience.”. In her rereading and rewriting of Islamic history, Mernissi deployed a liberal feminist framework to reinterpret the relationship between the two major references of Islamic jurisprudence which are the Qur’an and the Hadith (sayings by the Prophet). Auch mit der marokkanischen Zivilgesellschaft setzte sich die Soziologin literarisch auseinander. Fatima Mernissi i s an Islamic feminist author/sociologist, and is considered an idol for many women of her similar upbringing. This stance threw so much confusion on her position that some Muslim scholars, including Islamic feminists, refused to consider her one of them. Born in Fez to a middle-class family, Mernissi studied at the Mohammed V University in Rabat and later went to Paris, where she worked briefly as a journalist. Fatema Mernissi’s (1940 –2015) work explores the relationship between sexual ideology, gender identity, sociopolitical organization, and the status of women in Islam; her special focus, however, is Moroccan society and culture. Datenschutz | A Christian understanding of Muslim women is by nature an etic one and Western missionaries have been subject to heavy criticism for their alleged misunderstanding of Islamic cultures and in particular their misunderstanding of the role of women. Mernissi was a professor at the Mohammed V University of Rabat and a research scholar at the Institut Universitaire de Recherche Scientifique (IURS) in the same city. Islamic feminism may appear to be the inevitable result of this convergence.  Fatima Mernissi, The Veil and the Male Elite: A Feminist Interpretation of Women’s Rights in Islam, trans. Veil and the Male Elite - A Feminist Interpretation of Womens Rights in Islam - [By, Fatima Mernissi].pdf He is an Alumnus of the University of the Middle East Project since July 2011. Watch later. The infamous statement, “Never – horrors! The status of women in the Muslim world today, according to her, is not to be blamed on the Qur’an or on the Prophet’s teachings, but on the male elite whose interests conflict with women’s rights. Mernissi was my scholar-hero of Islamic feminism, gender equality and human dignity as seen from a female eye. Her awareness of the position of women as being subordinate to men and socially, economically, and politically vulnerable started in her early childhood. Hence, her critical textual analysis of Islamic sacred texts demystifies the sphere of knowledge forged, perpetuated, and officially propagated through religious institutions by Muslim male theologists who simply and unscrupulously bet on women’s ignorance of Islam’s history. 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Kopftuch, Schleier oder Burka, deren koranische Verankerung sie in Frage stellte, sah sie vor allem als weibliches Instrument: "Der Schleier ist eine Art zu sagen: Hör mal, ich bin hübsch, ich bin nicht schlecht, oder? Moreover, many hadiths about women disagree with each other and contradict the Qur’an as well. He has a PhD in Cultural Studies: Cultures and Identities in Morocco from Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fes. Ausma holds a Ph.D. in international human rights law. For instance, the hadith that asserts: “A people will never succeed who give their leadership to a woman,” which is used against women political leadership in many Islamic contexts, starkly contradicts the hadith that says: “Take (learn) half of your religion from Aisha.” Thus, the possibility that some hadiths were posthumously invented by a Muslim male clergy is very high. Fatima Mernissi, one of Morocco’s foremost writers in the fields of sociology and Islamic feminism, has died. Her book “Dreams of Trespass: Tales of a Harem Girlhood” fictionally recounts the early days of her protagonist’s life – Fatima— and her growing awareness of the predicament of women in Muslim societies. We're going to remember a woman who was described in today's New York Times obituary as a founder of Islamic feminism. Mernissi, som själv var muslim, engagerade sig mycket i kvinnans roll i relation till islam. Die marokkanische Soziologin und Autorin galt als eine der bekanntesten Frauenrechtlerinnen der muslimischen Welt. İslamcı Feminist Kim? His areas of interest are translation and cross-cultural communication, journalism, media studies, and peace and non-violence studies. The book inventively brings to the fore the questions of cultural patriarchy, gender roles, public and private spaces, and gender inequality. In “Dreams of Trespass,” Mernissi argues that the oppressive act of restricting women’s mobility in traditional Muslim societies was meant to prevent women from becoming too smart and then gaining agency and autonomy. 1/2 minute) introduction in Dutch, after that it is in English. If the Judeo-Christian West has succeeded in reconciling religion and democracy why, then, are some Westerners dubious about Islam’s capacity to embrace modernity with all its liberal and humanist values? However, a deeper study of Mernissi’s thought indicates that she distinguishes between two Islams: orthodox Islam and authentic Islam. On November 30, 2015, the Moroccan sociologist, writer and feminist Fatema Mernissi died in Rabat at age 75. Fatima Mernissi was born in 1940 in Fez, a Moroccan city steeped in tradition. The renowned Moroccan sociologist and author Fatima Mernissi, who has died aged 75, was an important and influential figure in Arab Islamic feminism. The Moroccan writer and sociologist Fatima Mernissi, known for her pioneering work in the field of Islamic feminism, has died. ", erklärte sie. This is a guest post from Ausma Zehanat Khan. When I first came across Fatima Mernissi's work during my PhD, it felt like 'coming home'. Mernissi tackles issues such as Eurocentrism, intersectionality, transnationalism and global Feminism within her renowned publications, including: Beyond the Veil, The Forgotten Queens of Islam, Women’s Rebellion & Islamic Memory, and Islam and Democracy: Fear of the Modern World. Sie lehrte als Professorin an der Universität in Rabat und arbeitete als Beraterin der UN-Organisation für Erziehung und Wissenschaft (UNESCO). Mit Susan Sontag (r.) bekam Mernissi 2003 in Oviedo den Prinz-von Asturien-Preis für Geisteswissenschaften und Literatur. Fatima Mernissi: Evolving Feminism(S) Topics: Sharia, Islam, Muslim world Pages: 11 (3746 words) Published: March 1, 2012. Mernissi’s project of feminist scholarship was characterized by secularism at first, as she believed then that the reconciliation between religion and feminism was a lost cause. Fatima’s life was rich in accomplishment: she was a sociologist, a feminist, and a writer of extraordinary grace, whose work I first encountered in my early twenties. In her book “The Forgotten Queens of Islam,” she revives the forgotten legacy of many powerful women who ruled in many Muslim kingdoms and Sultanates from India to Muslim Spain, and who outwitted their male rivals in matters of war and peace. Fatima Mernissi died November 30 … FIERCE MUSLIM FEMINISTS The late Fatima Mernissi (1940-2015) was a Moroccan feminist sociologist, who wrote prolifically over her life on the relationship between Islam, gender and the state, and is widely considered to be the Founder of Islamic Feminism. In honour of International Women’s Day, I’d like to write about the fascinating and prolific Moroccan scholar, Fatima Mernissi, who passed away in December 2015. Impressum | Mernissi has always challenged the fundamentalist version of Islam or orthodox Islam, but she has equally defended authentic Islam against Western essentialist views that Islam is incompatible with democracy and human rights—including women’s rights. the analysis of Moroccan Islamic feminist, Fatima Mernissi. Ein weiteres bedeutendes Buch, das auch auf Deutsch erschien, ist: "Der politische Harem - Mohammed und die Frauen". The former is the construction of years of subjective male interpretation of religious texts for political and ideological ends, while the latter is the one practiced during the times of the Prophet Muhammed. Später studierte sie in Paris und in den USA Soziologie und Politikwissenschaft und wurde Professorin für Soziologie in Rabat. “The Forgotten Queens of Islam” probes the question of Muslim women’s political activism which has been cast to oblivion by long and consistent processes of biased male historiography. Ihr großes Engagement für die Rechte der Frauen und anderer benachteiligter Gruppen - beispielsweise richtete sie Schreibwerkstätten ein - brachte ihr aber zugleich viel Bewunderung ein. The renowned Moroccan sociologist and author Fatima Mernissi, who has died aged 75, was an important and influential figure in Arab Islamic feminism. The Veil and the Male Elite is a tricky book to rate, since I am definitely not its target audience. Das 1975 erstmals auf Französisch erschienene Buch gilt als Standardwerk der interkulturellen Geschlechterforschung und wurde wie viele andere ihrer Publikationen in mehr als 20 Sprachen übersetzt. When Mernissi passed away in 2015, she left behind a rich theoretical legacy that continues to inspire generations of scholars worldwide. 9 (Le- iden and Bos ton: Brill, 2010), 27-31. Mernissi’s voice was remarkably daring at the height of Islamic fundamentalism of the late 20th century. In “The Veil and the Male Elite,” Mernissi journeys “back in time [through her analysis of the hadith and the Qur’an] in order to find a fabulous wind that would swell our sails and send us gliding towards new worlds.” The new worlds Mernissi aspired to are those in which Muslim women will proudly derive their rights from the core of their egalitarian religion as was the case in the Prophet’s city of Medina, not import them from the West. In the harem, where she grew up, she realized the many physical/visible and mental/invisible hudud (sacred frontiers) set up for women not to trespass. Fatima Mernissi's careful research is fascinating and challenging. The American scholar Amina Wadud has mourned her and called her “one of our greatest foreMothers.”. © 2021 Deutsche Welle | Designed by Arabesque Media | Copyrights Inside Arabia 2019. A Christian understanding of Muslim women is by nature an etic one and Western missionaries have been subject to heavy criticism for their alleged misunderstanding of Islamic cultures and in particular their misunderstanding of the role of women. Kritik erfuhr die wohl bekannteste Frauenrechtlerin des Maghreb von vielen Seiten, auch für ihre bisweilen allzu positive Einschätzung der islamischen Welt. She pursued her graduate education in the United States and in 1973 obtained a PhD in sociology from Brandeis University. Here is a brilliant Muslim woman on a quest to separate the wheat from the chaff in her tradition. Fatima Mernissi’s legacy can be greatly attributed to her scholarly and literary contributions to the early feminist movement.
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