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An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, precinct, electoral area, circumscription, or electorate, is an administrative subdivision of a larger state created to provide its population with representation in the larger state's legislative body. Institut de vie consacrée ou dans une Société de vie apostolique, ayant la faculté d'incardiner. avoir été commise à l'extérieur de la province dans laquelle les poursuites sont engagées. : la référence des salaires en France par métier et par ville Many assemblies allow free postage (through franking privilege or prepaid envelopes) from a representative to a constituent, and often free telecommunications. While the 26 electoral districts in Italy and the 20 in the Netherlands have a role in the actual election, but no role whatsoever in the division of the seats. Electoral districts in Canada (also called a "constituency" or "riding") are what Canada's representative democracy is based on. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. In United Kingdom general elections and United States presidential and congressional elections, the voting in a relatively small number of swing seats usually determines the outcome of the entire election. Special constituencies with additional membership requirements, Wards and electoral divisions of the United Kingdom, Proportional and semi-proportional systems, local government in the Republic of Ireland, based on the number of votes cast in each district, House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina, §5: Establishment of Constituency Commission; Electoral Act, 1997, "Parliament Passes Law on Parliamentary Elections", oblast / oblast' / oblasti / oblys / obwód / voblast', List of administrative divisions by country,, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 September 2020, at 16:15. Gerrymandering relies on the wasted-vote effect, effectively concentrating wasted votes among opponents while minimizing wasted votes among supporters. Circonscription territoriale. Elected representatives may spend much of the time serving the needs or demands of individual constituents, meaning either voters or residents of their district. Examples include: Not all democratic political systems use separate districts or other electoral subdivisions to conduct elections. [citation needed]. Ukraine elected half of the Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian Parliament) in this way in the elections in October 2012. Many politicians aspire to have safe seats. Sometimes, particularly under non-proportional winner-take-all voting systems, electoral districts can be prone to landslide victories. Cette catégorie regroupe les circonscriptions électorales fédérales et provinciales de la province de l'Ontario au Canada. Voting systems that seek proportional representation (such as the single transferable vote) inherently require either multi-member districts or leveling seats, and the larger the district magnitude the more proportional a system will tend to be (and the greater the number of distinct parties or choices that can be represented.) that request to the central liaison office. Electoral districts for municipal or other local bodies are called "wards". By contrast, seats in the Cantonal Council of Zürich are reapportioned in every election based on the number of votes cast in each district, which is only made possible by use of multi-member districts, and the House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by contrast, is apportioned without regard to population; the three major ethnic groups - Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats - each get exactly five members. The names for electoral districts vary across countries and, occasionally, for the office being elected. Today, since the acquisition of the Vale of the Caffarella and its monuments, the need to restore the original relationship between the two. That body, in turn, determines each districts' boundaries and whether each will be represented by a single member or multiple members. L'actuel député territoriale est le libéral Gary McRobb. Découvrez combien gagne un(e) Responsable de circonscription ou d'unité territoriale. ISO 3166-2:FR is the entry for France in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g., provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.. must submit to the building institute of the section into which they transferred, a certificate confirming their position and professional service in the building institute from where they transferred. Documents chargeables en « glisser-déposer ». Israel and the Netherlands are among the few counties that avoid the need for apportionment entirely by electing legislators at-large. For some of these programmes, implementation of the ESF measures is proving more difficult, Chef de la direction des technologies de l'information du ministère de la Justice du Land de Rhénanie du Nord-Westphalie, avec une compétence s'étendant à l'ensemble des, juridictions et des parquets; responsabilité d'environ 25 000 postes de travail dans le, Head of the division of information technology in the Ministry of Justice of the State of North, Rhine-Westphalia with all courts and public prosecutor's offices; responsibility for. same time they are subject to a policy of devolution, as regional bodies endowed with a civic role and financial autonomy. The term "Nirvācan Kṣetra" is used while referring to an electoral district in general irrespective of the legislature. La Constitution du Canada impose un nouveau calcul du nombre de sièges à la Chambre des communes et un examen des limites des circonscriptions fédérales après chaque recensement décennal afin de refléter les changements et les mouvements de la population du Canada. Generally, only voters (constituents) who reside within the district are permitted to vote in an election held there. Apportionment is the process of allocating a number of representatives to different regions, such as states or provinces. to carry out or control water distribution. Les présentes constituent la dénonciation. Extension de circonscription territoriale suite fusion – fiche n° 2 Argumentaire explicitant le projet d’un point de vue « économique, social et territorial » - fiche n° 3 (à télécharger et à remplir) Under proportional representation systems, district magnitude is an important determinant of the makeup of the elected body. Client politics and pork barrel politics are associated with constituency work. Légende : Le nom en gras signifie que la personne a été chef d'un parti politique. Likewise, British MPs use their Parliamentary staffing allowance to appoint staff for constituency casework. armes à feu et ci-après appelé le dénonciateur, portée devant moi. District magnitude can sometimes vary within the same system during an election. The term constituency is commonly used to refer to an electoral district, especially in British English, but it can also refer to the body of eligible voters or all the residents of the represented area or only those who voted for a certain candidate. Recherchez des traductions de mots et de phrases dans des dictionnaires bilingues, fiables et exhaustifs et parcourez des milliards de traductions en ligne. At the time of admission to the diaconate, all candidates shall be required to express clearly in writing their intention to serve. District representatives may be elected via a first-past-the-post system, a proportional representative system, or another voting method. With a larger number of winners, candidates are able to represent proportionately smaller minorities; a 10% minority in a given district may secure no seats in a 5-member election but would be guaranteed a seat in a 9-member one because they fulfill a Droop quota. Generally, only voters who The geographic distribution of minorities also affects their representation – an unpopular nationwide minority can still secure a seat if they are concentrated in a particular district. Requête la plus fréquente dans le dictionnaire français : Proposer comme traduction pour "circonscription territoriale". Conversely, a swing seat is one that could easily swing either way. When referring to a particular legislative constituency, it is simply referred to as "Kṣetra" along with the name of the legislature, in Hindi (e.g.-'Lok Sabha Kshetra' for a Lok Sabha Constituency). Make all warrants and warrant-like orders valid and enforceable throughout Canada without the need for endorsement by a local justice. duty being a duty paid by way of fees or dues? In some elected assemblies, some or all constituencies may group voters based on some criterion other than, or in addition to, the location they live. Circonscription électorale territoriale du Canada. Les solutions pour CIRCONSCRIPTION TERRITORIALE de mots fléchés et mots croisés. elle est soumise à une politique de décentralisation, étant une collectivité territoriale de droit public dotée de la personnalité civile et de l'autonomie financière. Circonscription électorale territoriale du Canada Données clés Création 1978 Localisation Province Yukon Représentation politique Député Wade Istchenko Parti politique Parti du Yukon modifier Kluane est une circonscription électorale territoriale du Yukon au (Canada). In the Republic of Ireland, for instance, national elections to Dáil Éireann are held using a combination of 3, 4, and 5 member districts. de coopération qui lui incombent, compte tenu des besoins des différentes communes, en fonction du nombre d'habitants, de la situation géographique ou de la typologie quant à l'activité prédominante de celles-ci. 20-25%), compared to single-member districts where 40-49% of the voters can be essentially shut out from any representation. Many state legislatures have followed suit. Découvrez les bonnes réponses, synonymes et autres mots utiles Gerrymandering is the manipulation of electoral district boundaries for political gain. the idea that each representative has the support of a majority of his or her constituents. Les français résidant dans les autres villes dépendent soit du Consulat général d'Alger soit du Consulat d'Annaba. life or in a society of apostolic life which has the faculty to incardinate. Dans chaque circonscription militaire territoriale, ... Each territorial military district had a permanent court martial, with six judges and a president with the rank of colonel or lieutenant colonel, and each court was assigned a government administrator, a rapporteur, and a clerk. ont été respectivement de 55,6 % et de 70,1 %. Circonscription électorale territoriale du Canada Données clés Création 1978 Localisation Province Yukon Représentation politique Député Patti McLeod Parti politique Parti du Yukon modifier Lac Watson est une circonscription électorale territoriale du Yukon au (Canada). Circonscription territoriale Modifier L'actuelle députée territoriale est Patti McLeod du Parti du Yukon . Elles sont des collectivités locales au même titre que la Région et la Commune, mais d'une nature particulière : elle relève à la fois d'une. The terms (election) precinct and election district are more common in American English. own, single legislator, the majority and plurality systems embrace. In Canada, districts are colloquially called riding (stemming from an earlier British geographical subdivision); in French, circumscription or (colloquially) Comte, "county." In India electoral districts are referred to as "Nirvācan Kṣetra" (Hindi: निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) in Hindi, which can be literally translated to English as "electoral area" though the official English translation for the term is "constituency". de transmettre cette demande au bureau central de liaison. In Hong Kong, the magnitude ranges from 5 to 9, respective to the geographic constituencies' populations. intégrante, tout comme l'ancienne viabilité qui englobait l'entrée principale du cirque et le palais impérial. Cette catégorie comprend les 2 sous-catégories suivantes. par son unique député, le système majoritaire et le système à. la majorité relative adhèrent à l'idée que chaque représentant doit avoir le soutien d'une majorité d'électeurs de sa circonscription. L'actuel député territoriale est le libéral Gary McRobb. of the various different municipalities, in terms of their number of inhabitants, their geographical location, or their characteristics with regard to their principal economic activities. À différence des autres provinces canadiennes, l'Ontario utilise les mêmes circonscriptions au fédéral qu'au provincial. In Australia and New Zealand, electoral districts are called electorates, however elsewhere the term electorate generally refers specifically to the body of voters. Marie (circonscription provinciale), Scarborough-Centre (circonscription provinciale), Scarborough-Nord (circonscription provinciale), Scarborough-Sud-Ouest (circonscription provinciale), Scarborough—Agincourt (circonscription provinciale), Scarborough—Guildwood (circonscription provinciale), Scarborough—Rouge Park (circonscription provinciale), Simcoe-Nord (circonscription provinciale), Simcoe—Grey (circonscription provinciale), Spadina—Fort York (circonscription provinciale), St. Catharines (circonscription provinciale), Stormont—Dundas—Sud-Glengarry (circonscription provinciale), Thunder Bay—Atikokan (circonscription provinciale), Thunder Bay—Supérieur-Nord (circonscription provinciale), Timiskaming—Cochrane (circonscription provinciale), Toronto-Centre (circonscription provinciale), Toronto—Danforth (circonscription provinciale), Toronto—St. en oeuvre et contrôler la distribution de l'eau ; aussi est-il nécessaire d'élaborer des programmes de formation intensive. Synonymes pour le mot Circonscription Territoriale, tous trouvé — 8, antonymes — 0. English translations given are those most commonly used. Seats in the United States House of Representatives, for instance, are reapportioned to individual states every 10 years following a census, with some states that have grown in population gaining seats. The only democracies with one single nationwide electoral district and no other territorial correctors are Fiji, Israel, The Netherlands, Moldova, Mozambique, Slovakia, South Africa and Serbia. By making three-member districts in regions where a particular group has a slight majority, for instance, gerrymandering politicians can obtain 2/3 of that district's seats. Israel, for instance, conducts parliamentary elections as a single district. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. (local community) are not at the same territorial level. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 9 juin 2018 à 01:54. Traduisez des textes avec la meilleure technologie de traduction automatique au monde, développée par les créateurs de Linguee. être visé par un juge de la circonscription hôte. They may be selected via a direct election under universal suffrage, an indirect election, or another form of suffrage.

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